The Aurora Borealis also known as the Northern Lights is one of the most fascinating sights on earth.
They are produced when the earth’s magnetic field interacts with charged particles from the sun, creating dancing streaks of colored light in the night sky.
In the northern hemisphere, the northern lights are centered on the Arctic Circle, which means that this phenomenon often occurs in countries such as Iceland, Canada, Scotland, Scandinavia, Siberia, and Greenland. In the southern hemisphere, Australia’s aurora is mainly centered on Antarctica, but it can be seen on clear nights in New Zealand and southern Tasmania, and occasionally in Argentina.
Both the vernal equinox and the autumnal equinox mean that more impressive northern lights are more likely to be spotted. This is because of the axis of the earth during each vernal equinox and because the magnetic field of the solar wind aligns with the earth in March and September.
Since the birth of our planet, the light in the sky has been produced. Dinosaurs walked under it, just like we do today. They are constant in our world, and they are always there, even when they are too bright, they cannot be seen. But what are they and how are they created?
People have been sharing stories about the northern lights for centuries. Without scientific knowledge, our ancestors were forced to fill in the blanks with wonderful stories about gods and monsters. These stories teach people to respect, awe, or worship the light of heaven. But as our understanding of the solar system and its place in it continues to deepen, these stories have become myths and legends. Today we know why the northern lights (and southern lights) appeared, but this does not mean that there is more to learn.
The light we see from the earth indicates that charged particles from space are entering the upper atmosphere of the earth at very high speeds.
These particles come from our star-the sun. The sun continuously emits a stream of charged particles called the solar wind, which travels from the sun in all directions at a speed of 300 to 500 kilometers per second.
When the earth revolves around the sun, the earth intercepts a small part of solar wind particles. About 98% of these particles are deflected by the Earth’s magnetic field and continue to enter deep space. A small number of particles are filtered by the earth’s magnetic field and point downwards towards the north and south poles of the earth.
When these charged particles collide with atoms and molecules high in the atmosphere, they get excited. This results in two bright rings of auroral radiation around the north and south poles called auroral ellipses.
When they return to their original state, they will emit different colors of light. This is the light we see when we observe the Northern Lights.
Dr. Melanie Windridge, the author of the book “Aurora: In Search of the Northern Lights”, told: “As we all know, the northern lights are stronger near the equinox. This makes sense because of the geometry of the earth and the earth’s inclined facts.”
“This process only occurs when the solar wind’s magnetic field is southerly relative to the earth, and because of the way the earth tilts, it is more likely to occur at the vernal equinox. There is a greater chance of getting good contact between the solar wind and the earth during the vernal equinox.”
To increase your chances of seeing the Northern Lights be sure to plan your visit at the end of March or the end of September.
This is the best place in the world to watch the Northern Lights and Southern Lights.
Best time to visit: between September and March.
In Finnish Lapland, you can watch the Northern Lights 200 nights a year.
Although there is absolutely no guarantee that you will see the Northern Lights during your trip, visiting Finnish Lapland is your best choice. Here, the Northern Lights dance in the night sky 200 nights a year—or at least every night when the sky is clear.
The traditional way to see the lights in Lapland is snowshoeing cross-country skiing, and dog sledding or sledding. Many luxurious dedicated glass cabins and luxurious suites have also been built for visitors to experience warm and comfortable lighting on their own beds.
Our choice was the Northern Lights Ranch near Levi Ski Resort, only 30 kilometers from Kittilä Airport. These luxurious cottages have glass ceilings and windows. If you want to relax and enjoy the magical performances of nature, you can also use the outdoor sauna and Jacuzzi.
Best time to visit: between September and March.
Iceland is a popular destination for viewing the Northern Lights.
Jokulsarlon is a lake on the southern coast of Iceland and is a great place to watch the Northern Lights. Away from Iceland’s (rarely) light pollution, you will see nature dancers performing in the sky and reflecting on the lake, creating amazing spectacles.
Iceland is cheap and can be reached from the UK, making it an ideal destination to witness the splendor of the Northern Lights. Whether you are taking a road trip around the famous ring road or staying in Reykjavík for a few nights, Iceland’s winter is the best time to see the Northern Lights. However, as it often rains and snows during the winter months in Iceland, you must check the weather accordingly to avoid disappointment.
With the exception of Jokulsarlon and Reykjavik, the Northern Lights can be seen from many attractions across the country-above Skógafoss Falls and even when bathing in the famous geothermal blue lake.
Best time to visit: Between October and February.
Another reason to visit the Scottish capital this winter.
For an affordable Northern Lights viewing experience, please cross the border to our northern neighbor. Although northern islands like Lewis Island put on a great show, the northern lights can often be seen on the outskirts of Edinburgh-or called “dancers and dancers” in Scotland-which means you don’t have to travel long distances. To see some amazing sights.
In autumn and winter, when the night is cool and the sky is cloudless, the lights start to look up. If you can, go to the northern area to increase your chances of seeing the lights, where light pollution is minimal, or you can go along the Moray Coast, Galloway Forest Park, and the Cairngorms or sometimes at Arthur’s seat early in the morning.
Best time to visit: from the end of August to mid-April.
The northern lights can be seen in the Yukon for eight months of the year.
Yukon, Canada is located in the far northwest, close to Alaska, and is known as the best place to watch the Northern Lights in Canada. The lights can be seen from mid-August to mid-April, which means that autumn is a good time to visit the area, as the golden and red autumn leaves will be full of vitality during the day and the brilliant light will be lit. Vigorous. at night.
If you visit in the winter, there are many travel agencies in the Yukon. You can stay in comfortable cabins, hotels, and even bathe in the hot tub and watch the lights. During the day, you can go dog sledding and snowmobiling. In addition, many operators rent or provide warm jackets for the evening trip, which means you don’t have to buy a brand new suit.
Best time to visit: September to mid-April.
Go to Alaska, what to see in the U.S.
Next to the Yukon, you will see the northernmost state of Alaska. Although Alaska has many places to see the Northern Lights, Fairbanks is your best choice. Fairbanks is located below the “Dawn Oval” and is the most commonplace to see the Northern Lights in Alaska, but if you live in Anchorage, all you have to do is take a day trip north of the city.
For more remote locations, the Iniakuk Wilderness Lodge, located 200 miles north of Fairbanks and 60 miles north of the Arctic Circle, is an all-encompassing lodge where you can spend a day of skiing and overnight in the sky.
Best time to visit: November to the end of March.
Aurora Sky Station is a must-see in Abisko.
In Swedish Lapland, the northern lights begin to appear in early September, but the best time to view is from November to March. Abisko is a small town in Sweden, located north of the Arctic Circle. For the best opportunity to see the lights, please visit the Aurora Sky Station in Abisko National Park, which is surrounded by mountains and the sky is clear.
During the day, you can experience the beautiful mountains and Lake Torneträsk, visit a reindeer farm, ski or try a snowboarding trip. The famous ICEHOTEL is also nearby and it is worth spending the night in a room made entirely of ice.
Best time to visit: between September and April.
Northern lights light up the sky in Norway.
Tromso is one of the largest urban centers in the Arctic Circle. From mid-November to mid-January, they will experience a phenomenon called “polar night”. This is when the sun never rises above the horizon, which means that the dark sky appears both day and night. However, for Northern Lights hunters, this is the best time to watch the Northern Lights.
However, even during the polar night, there are a few hours of daylight every day, which means you can explore the fjords, mountain tops, and islands around Tromsø.
Best time to visit: March to September (New Zealand winter).
Go south and feel the southern aurora in New Zealand.
There are northern lights in the northern hemisphere, and southern lights in the southern hemisphere-patches of green, gold, yellow, and blue light up the sky. The northern lights can be seen from Tasmania on the southern tip of South Australia and New Zealand’s South Island and Stewart Island.
Lake Tekapo is located in the southern part of the South Island of New Zealand and is the location of the UNESCO Starry Sky Reserve. This means that light pollution is strictly controlled, including some of New Zealand’s most impressive landscapes, including Aoraki Mount Cook and the turquoise lakes in the area. At night, you can see the Southern Cross, the clouds, and the Milky Way. If you are lucky, you can also see the Northern Lights on clear winter nights during the winter months.