Uzbekistan is one of the beautiful countries in Central Asia, famous for the Silk Road cities such as Samarkand, Bukhara, and Khiva. It is twice the size of the United Kingdom, has a rich cultural heritage and a long history full of traditions. You won’t be surprised to learn that it is home to four important UNESCO World Heritage Sites and six UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists. There are still 30 people waiting on the temporary list. In this rich list of important attractions, things to do, and various sightseeing tours, we provide you with choices in Uzbekistan.
For centuries, Uzbekistan has been a melting pot of cultures, customs, and languages, and this rich past is still clearly visible in its unspoiled medieval city, colorful handicrafts, and hospitable people. According to international experts, Uzbekistan has more than 4,000 historical and architectural monuments of international importance. Coupled with the natural beauty, delicious food, high-quality handmade gifts, and the relaxed tone of Uzbek, you will understand that a lifetime of exploring this place is not enough.
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Read the full article to find out the best tourist spot in Uzbekistan. If you are on Uzbekistan Tour, you must spend a least two weeks there to visit most of the tourist places of Uzbekistan. However, the majority (90%) of Uzbekistan’s population is Sunni-Muslim. The Best time to visit is from April to October. Keep a check on weather updates before visiting Uzbekistan. Without further ado, let’s dig into the list of best places of Uzbekistan, you should visit in 2022.
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“Samarkand-Cultural Crossroads” is the official name used to describe the city as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Samarkand evokes the ancient image, which seems almost mythical. However, this is not a fairy tale: Samarkand today is a vibrant city and cherishes its traditions. Archaeological excavations revealed 3,500 years of history. The town of Afrosiab was built in the seventh century BC. The area has always been inhabited and is a melting pot of diverse cultures. It was conquered by Alexander the Great and Genghis Khan. It was the magnificent capital of the Timurid Empire and played an important role in the development of Islamic architecture and art. You will not want to miss Registan Square, Bibi Khanum and Gul Amir Mausoleum, Shah-i Zinda Complex, Afrosiab, and Ulugbek Observatory.
For centuries, the historical center of Bukhara has been an important base of Islamic theology and science. Its well-preserved city center has been recognized by UNESCO as a typical medieval city. Bukhara’s urban planning and urban, economic, and scientific development had a huge impact on the Islamic world in the Middle Ages. The oldest architectural monument is the Tomb of Ismail Somoni, which dates back to the 10th century. In the seven centuries before the 16th century, it was the largest Islamic Sufism research center, with hundreds of mosques, religious schools, and places of study. The famous scholar Avicenna was born near Bukhara and grew up there. When we are in Bukhara, we recommend that you take a stroll around the old city, feel its architectural heritage, and imagine yourself bargaining like the Middle Ages.
Khiva is the first UNESCO World Heritage Site in Uzbekistan. It was included in the list in 1990 because of its importance in the special heritage of the ancient Silk Road tradition. Above all, Itchan Kala literally means the inside of the old town, surrounded by thick mud walls. It contains 51 monuments. Although there are still about 250 families building their own houses, it looks more like an open-air museum. Looking down from the minaret or city walls of the Islamic Oklahoma, it is hard to imagine the 21st century. Researcher AI-Khoresmi, the father of algebra, was born in Khiva, and he introduced algorithms to the world. Take a guided tour and learn about the history of this fascinating city. Khiva is the Silk Road city of Uzbekistan.
Shahrisabz is one of the best places to visit in Uzbekistan. This prosperous Timur Empire city was the birthplace of the great medieval conqueror Amir Timur. Although its history can be traced back to more than 2000 years, it has extraordinary monuments from the 14th to 15th centuries. Its historical center retains the layout of the original Timur city layout. In addition to his tomb, Amir Temur also ordered the construction of the white Summer Palace Ak Sarai. The Timur Summer Palace is a highlight of Timur’s architecture. Today, you can still see the remains of the palace’s huge gates, which are 65 meters high.
Tashkent is the capital of Uzbekistan with a population of 3 million and is the largest city in Central Asia. This large city reflects the country’s historical development from Oriental architectural features to Soviet planned street layouts and modern glass buildings. The modern Tashkent region was settled in the 5th and 3rd centuries BC. Its name is literally translated as “Stone City”. Has been destroyed many times in history. The most recent damage came from the 1966 earthquake, which destroyed many ancient historical monuments. Therefore, today Tashkent has become a modern city with various restaurants and shopping venues.
Aidarkul is a semi-artificial lake, the result of Soviet agricultural planning. At the site of Aida Kur, there is a small seasonal lake that dries up completely in the hot summer. In the summer of 1969, the high water level of the Syr Darya flooded the dam of the irrigation reservoir and flooded the lowlands below. Today, the lake covers an area of about 4,000 square kilometers and is 250 kilometers long. Additionally, it is located in the middle of the Kyzylkum Desert. This is a unique place where you can sleep in a tent surrounded by the desert, ride horses or ride a camel. If you want to support ecotourism in Uzbekistan, it is possible to continue driving to the Nurotta Mountains. There are local guest houses where you can spend the night and take some relaxing walks.
Few tourists venture south like Termez. It’s a pity because it is a place of special historical significance, with a wealth of interesting archaeological sites from the pre-Islamic era. It was known to the Achaemenid dynasty in the 6th century BC, and it was later conquered by Alexander the Great. The city’s medieval fortifications stretch for 10 miles, and the famous Moroccan traveler Ibn Battuta wrote about the city’s lively markets, beautiful buildings, canals, and gardens.
The ruins of two important ancient Buddhist monasteries, Kara Tepe and Faiz Tepe, can still be seen, as well as the Kirk-Kez fortress. The Archaeological Museum is one of the best museums in Central Asia. You can visit the famous Termez Archaeological Museum and learn about thousands of years of history, where Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, and Islam have developed. After visiting the museum, you can visit the archaeological sites of Faiz Tiba and Kambrier Tiba, where there are ancient ruins in Uzbekistan.
The ancient city of Huarazimou is famous for its many castles that stand in the Kizilkum Desert. A castle with a history of more than 2,200 years. Most of them are settlements, castles with walls that can be seen from another fort, and are therefore designed to help maintain control of the area and convey information. There are many legends related to the castle ruins and rich archaeological discoveries. One of the most special places is called Chilpyk, which is a place for Zoroastrian funerals. The corpse is left there for many years, and the clean bones are collected and buried in the bone marrow. Explore Uzbekistan’s various ancient castle ruins and Huarazimu’s ancient castle.
The Fergana Valley has always been and will continue to be an important crossroads of different religions, cultures, and countries. The divisions between Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan show diversity in all aspects. In Uzbekistan, the Fergana Valley is home to important medieval Silk Road stations, Andijan, Kokand, Fergana, and Namangan. Her horse is called Tianma and has enjoyed a high status in China for centuries. Babur, the founder of the Mughal Empire, was born in this area. Ferghana has a fascinating story that reveals and preserves ancient pottery and silk-making traditions, making travel fun. Fergana Master Potter in Uzbekistan.
Nukus is the capital of the Autonomous Republic of Uzbekistan: Karakalpakstan. It is located in the northern part of the country, adjacent to the Aral Sea. Although it cannot be compared with the Silk Road cities of Uzbekistan in terms of impressive architecture, it showcases the history of the Karakalpak people with its exquisite jewelry, tapestries, and other ethnic artifacts. One of the most interesting museums in Nukus is the museum containing the Savitsky art collection banned by the Soviet Union. From Nukus, you can drive to the Aral Sea.
The Aral Sea was once a large and important navigable sea in Central Asia, divided into Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. It has rich industrial fishery resources and produces local canned fish. Muynak was once one of the many prosperous fishing towns along the Aral Sea. However, since 1960, the Aral Sea has shrunk rapidly due to water diversion and excessive use of river water for irrigation. What used to be the water is now a desert strewn with rusty hulls, stranded forever in a chilling reminder, reminding people of the fragile balance between nature and humans.
Since 2017, Saba Ghani has been the chief content writer for Pakistan Tour and Travel & EMHI Solutions. You can catch her at [email protected] or Twitter
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